What is a Forex Pip? How To Calculate Pips?

A pip, also known as a “price interest point,” is a unit of measurement used in forex trading to describe changes in the value of a currency pair. It is typically measured to four decimal places and indicates the smallest possible change in a currency’s price. A shift of one pip, for instance, would occur if the EUR/USD currency pair moved from 1.1126 to 1.1127. The trading currency pair and position size also affect how much a pip is worth.

How to calculate pips?

The value of a pip in forex trading depends on several factors, such as the currency pair being traded, the exchange rate, and the trade value. Let’s find out how pips calculator works:

When the US dollar (USD) is the quote currency in a pair, the pip value is fixed at 0.0001. For example, if you trade the EUR/USD pair with a lot size of 10,000 euros, the pip value would be $1. 

However, when the USD is the base currency, the pip value calculation involves the exchange rate. To determine the pip value in this case, divide the size of a pip by the exchange rate and then multiply by the trade value. For instance, for the USD/CAD pair, if the exchange rate is 1.2829, and you trade a standard lot size of 100,000 USD, then the pip value would be $7.79. 

However, currency pairs involving the Japanese yen are quoted with 2 decimal places, which is an exception to the usual 4 decimal place rule. For JPY pairs such as EUR/JPY or USD/JPY, the pip value is calculated as 1/100 divided by the exchange rate. 

Benefits of a Pip Calculator

The process of manually calculating pips is laborious and time-consuming. Calculating gains and losses is made simpler by the fact that a pip can represent both a rise and a fall in the value of a currency pair. Traders can automatically calculate pips with the aid of pip calculators and thus there are fewer chances of making destructive mistakes. 

The value of a pip is then determined automatically once traders input the currency pair they are trading, the position size, and the current exchange rate. Just enter the currency amount, the cost of the currency pair, and the number of pip points. Your profit or loss in percentage terms will be calculated automatically by the forex trading calculator. Apart from making precise decisions, this will also save you a lot of energy and time. 

Online pip trading calculator forex are readily available, and forex firms frequently include them in their trading platforms. When figuring out the value of a pip by hand, using a PIP trade calculator can save time and lower the likelihood of making mistakes.


In conclusion, using a forex pip calculator to compute the value of a pip is more precise and efficient than doing so manually. Such an efficient cfd trading calculator reduces the possibility of human error and frees up time so that you can concentrate on assessing market circumstances and making wise trading decisions. 


News Reporter